Best flowers for nectar & pollen

Nepeta (2)

Month

Name

Latin

Nectar/pollen

Length of flowering

January

Snowdrop

Galanthus nivalis

N/P

Jan – Apr

 

Winter aconite

Eranthis hyemalis

N/P

Jan, Feb

Crocus

Species Crocus

N/P

Jan, Feb

February

Hellebore

Helleborus foetidus, H. viridis, H. orientalis

N/P

Feb – Apr

 

Deadnettle

Lamium spp., L. maculatum ‘Silver Beacon’ for groundcover

N/P

Feb – Nov

March

Rock cress

Arabis

N/P   Annual

Mar – Jun

 

Purple rock cress

Aubretia deltoida

N/P

Mar – May

 

Grape hyacinth

Muscari

N/P

Mar -May

April

Borage

Borago officianale

N/P

Apr – Oct

 

Leopard’s bane

Doronicum

N/P

Apr, May

 

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officianale

N/P

Apr – Jun

 

Violet

Viola spp.

N

Apr – May

 

Wallflower

Cheiranthus/Erysimum

N/P

Apr – Jun

 

Wild strawberry

Fragaria vesca

N/P

Apr – Jul

May

Cranes bill

Geranium spp.

N/P

May – Nov

 

Hebe

Hebe spp. For a huge choice see Hebe Society

N

May – Sep

 

Poached egg plant

Limnanthes douglasii

N/P  Annual

May – Sep

 

Forget-me-not

Myosotis spp.

N/P

May – Jul

 

Veronica gentianoides, V. prostrate

N/P

May, Jun

 

Bellflower

Campanula spp.

N/P

May – Oct

 

Phacelia tanacetifolium

N/P

May – Oct

 

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

N

May -Sep

 

Cornflower

Centauria cyanus

N/P

May – Oct

June

Viper’s bugloss

Echium vulgare and cultivars

N/P

Jun – Oct

 

Blanket flower

Gaillardia

N/P

Jun – Nov

 

Red Hot Poker

Kniphofia

N/P

Jun – Sep

 

Alkanet and cultivars

Anchusa officianalis, A. capensis

N

Jun – Nov

 

Purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

N/P

Jun – Oct

 

Scabious

Scabiosa caucasia

N/P

Jun – Sep

 

Catmint/catnip

Nepeta spp., N. cataria

N/P

Jun – Oct

 

Oriental poppy

Papaver oreintale

P

May, Jun

 

Sidalcea malvaeflora

N/P

Jun – Aug

 

Iceland poppy

Papaver  nudicaule

P

Jun – Oct

 

Thyme

Thymus; T. leucotrichus is esp early

N

Jun – Aug

 

Veronica

Veronica spicata

N/P

Jun, Jul

July

Sweet marjoram

Origanum vulgare, O. marjorana – not ornamental varieties

N/P

Jul – Sep

 

Lavender

Lavandula spp.

N/P

Jul – Aug

 

Veronica longifolia

N/P

Jul – Sep

 

Globe thistle

Echinops sphaero-cephala, E. bannaticus, E. exaltatus

N

Jul – Sep

 

Thyme

Thymus serpyllum ‘Doone Valley’

N

Jul – Oct

 

Blue giant hyssop

Agastache foeniculum

N/P

Jul – Nov

 

Goldenrod

Solidago

N/P

Jul – Sep

August

Mint

Mentha spp.

N

Aug – Oct

 

Russian sage

Perovskia atriplicifolia

N/P

Aug, Sep

 

 

September

Michaelmas daisy

Aster novae-belgii

N/P

Sep – Oct

 

Ice plant

Sedum spectabile, S. telephium

N

Sep – Nov

October

 

November

 

December

 Christmas Rose

 Helleborus niger

 N/P  Dec – Apr

Sarah Raven’s Plants for Pollinators has a great selection of flowers for honey bees.

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