Plants


Photo Name Division Latin Name Flowering time Uses
Hellebore
Christmas rose Flower Helleborus niger Dec - Apr N/P
Ice plant - Sedum spectabile
Ice plant Flower Sedum spectabile, S. telephium Sep - Nov N
Michaelmas daisy - Aster spp.
Michaelmas daisy Flower Aster spp. Sep - Oct N/P
Russian sage - Perovskia
Russian sage Flower Perovskia Aug, Sep N/P
Mint Flower Mentha spp. Aug - Oct N
Goldenrod Flower Solidago Jul - Sep N/P
Blue giant hyssop Flower Agastache foeniculum Jul - Nov N/P
Thyme Flower Thymus serpyllum Jul - Oct N
Globe thistle - Echinops
Globe thistle Flower Echinops sphaero-cephala, E. bannaticus, E. exaltatus Jul - Sep N
Veronica Flower Veronica longifolia Jul - Sep N/P
Lavender - Lavandula spp.
Lavender Flower Lavandula spp. Jul - Aug N/P
Marjoram - Oregano vulgare
Marjoram Flower Origani vulgare, O. marjorana Jul - Sep N/P
Veronica Flower Veronica spicata Jun, Jul N/P
Thyme
Thyme Flower Thymus spp. Jun - Aug N/P
Iceland poppy Flower Papaver nudicaule Jun - Oct Pollen only
Sidalcea Flower Sidalecea malvaeflora Jun - Aug N/P
Oriental Poppy Papaver orientale
Oriental poppy Flower Papaver orientale May, Jun Pollen only
Nepeta
Catmint, catnip Flower Nepeta spp., N. cataria Jun - Oct N/P
Scabious
Scabious Flower Scabiosa spp. Jun - Oct N/P
Purple Loosestrife Flower Lythrum salicaria Jun - Oct N/P
Anchusa officianalis
Alkanet and cultivars Flower Anchusa officianalis, A. capensis Jun - Nov N
Red hot poker Kniphofia
Red hot poker Flower Kniphofia Jun - Sep N/P
Blanket flower Flower Gaillardia Jun - Nov N/P
Viper's bugloss Echium vulgare
Viper’s Bugloss Flower Echium vulgare and cultivars Jun - Oct N/P
Cornflower Centauria cyanus
Cornflower Flower Centauria cyanus May - Oct N/P
Yarrow Flower Achillea millefolium May - Sep N
Phacelia Flower Phacelia tanacetifolium May - Oct N/P ++
Campanula
Bellflower Flower Campanula spp. May - Oct N/P
Veronica Flower Veronica gentianoides, V. prostrata May, Jun N/P
Forget-me-not Flower Myosotis spp. May - Jul N/P
Poached egg plant Flower Limnanthes douglasii May - Sep N/P
Hebe Flower/shrub Hebe spp. May - Sep N
Cranesbill Geranium spp.
Cranesbill Flower Geranium spp. May - Nov N/P
Wild strawberry Flower Fragaria vesca Apr - Jul N/P
Wallflower Flower Cheiranthus/Erysimum Apr - Jun N/P
Violet Flower Viola spp. Apr, May N
Rosemary Flower Rosemarinus officianale Apr - Jun N/P
Leopard’s Bane Flower Doronicum Apr, May N/P
Borage Borago officianale
Borage Flower Borago officianale Apr - Oct N/P ++
Grape hyacinth Flower Muscari Mar - May N/P
Purple rock cress Flower Aubretia deltoides Mar - May N/P
Rock cress Flower Arabis Mar - Jun N/P
Dead nettle Flower Lamium spp. Feb - Nov N/P
Winter aconite Flower Eranthis hyemalis Jan, Feb N/P
Erica carnea
Winter heaths Shrubs Erica carnea, Erica x darleyensis, Erica erigena Nov to Apr Good nectar and pollen - best in sunny site
Blackberry - Rubus fruticosus
Blackberry Shrub Rubus fruticosus Jun - Sep Very good nectar, good pollen
Photo coming soon
Leatherwood Shrub Eucryphia glutinosa, E.nyamansensis, E. lucida July - September Good nectar and pollen
Calluna vulgaris
Heather or ling Shrub Calluna vulgaris July to November depending on location Good nectar and pollen
Photinia
Photinia syn. Stranvaesia Shrub Photinia davidiana June, July Good nectar and pollen
Erica cinerea
Heaths Shrub Erica cinerea, (E. tetralix - rarely visitied by bees, pollinated by thrips) June - October with different cultivars Good nectar and pollen
Philadelphus
Mock orange Shrub Philadelphus spp. Jun, Jul Moderate nectar and pollen
Photo coming soon
Portugese laurel Shrub Prunus lusitanica June Moderate nectar
Buddleia globosa
Buddleia Shrub Buddleia globosa May, June Moderate nectar
Photo coming soon
Snowberry Shrub Symphoricarpus spp. June - September Moderate nectar and pollen
Viburnum
Viburnum Shrub Viburnum davidii, V. opulus, V. plicatum May, June Moderate nectar and pollen
Escallonia
Escallonia Shrub Escallonia spp. May to October depending on variety Good nectar, moderate pollen
Photo coming soon
Raspberry Shrub Rubus idaeus May - June or July - October Good nectar, moderate pollen
Photo coming soon
Bilberry Shrub Vaccinum myrtillus April - June Moderate nectar and pollen
Lenten rose - Helleborus orientalis
Hellebore Flower Helleborus viridis, H. niger, H. foetidus, H. atrorubens, H. orientalis December - April - see species Moderate nectar and pollen
Crocus
Crocus Flower Crocus sativus January - March Moderate nectar and pollen
Snowdrop - Galanthus nivalis
Snowdrop Flower Galanthus nivalis January - March Good nectar and pollen, great early forage
Broom
Broom Shrub Cytisus spp. April - June Good nectar and pollen
Photo coming soon
Beauty bush Shrub Kolkwitzia amabilis May, June Moderate nectar and pollen
Pyracantha
Firethorn Shrub Pyracanthus May, June Good nectar and pollen
Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster Shrub Cotoneaster May, June Good nectar, moderate pollen
Weigela florida
Weigelia Shrub Weigelia florida May, June Moderate nectar
Rosemary
Rosemary Shrub Rosmarinus officianale April - June Good nectar and pollen
Lithospermum
Gromwell Shrub Lithospermum syn. Lithodora April - July Good nectar and pollen
Ceanothus
Californian lilac Shrub Ceanothus spp. April - August depending on variety Moderate nectar and pollen
Berberis
Barberry Shrub Berberis spp. April - June Good nectar and pollen
Flowering currant - Ribes sanguineum
Flowering currant Shrub Ribes sanguineum March, April Moderate nectar and pollen
Apple blossom
Apple Tree Malus domesticus April Good nectar, moderate pollen
Oregon grape - Mahonia aquifolium
Oregon grape Shrub Mahonia aquifolium March - May Good nectar and pollen
Forsythia
Forsythia Shrub Forsythia x intermedia, F. ovata March, April Moderate nectar and pollen
Gooseberry - Ribes grossularia
Gooseberry Shrub Ribes grossularia March, April Good nectar and pollen
Cornelian cherry
Cornelian cherry Shrub Cornus mas February - April Poor nectar and pollen but early
Winter flowering honeysuckle - Lonicera fragrantissima
Winter flowering honeysuckle Shrub Lonicera purpusii, L. fragrantissima, L. standishii February - April Moderate nectar, good pollen
Honeysuckle - Lonicera
Honeysuckle Shrub Lonicera involucrata June, July Moderate nectar and pollen
Japanese quince
Japanese quince Shrub Chaenomeles japonica February - June Poor nectar, moderate pollen
Photo coming soon
Witchhazel Tree Hamamelis mollis December - March No nectar, good pollen
Photo coming soon
Ornamental cherry Tree Prunus subhirtella November - March Good nectar, moderate pollen
Photo coming soon
Pagoda tree Tree Sophora japonica September Moderate nectar and pollen
Photo coming soon
Bee bee tree Tree Tetradium danielli syn. Evodia danielli August - October Good nectar, some pollen
Photo coming soon
Leatherwood Shrub Eucryphia July - September Good nectar and pollen
Photo coming soon
Leatherwood Tree Eucryphia July - September Good nectar and pollen
Photo coming soon
Woolly willow Tree Salix lanata May - Jul Excellent nectar and pollen
Lime - Tilia spp.
Lime Tree Tilia spp. June, July Can offer very good nectar, some pollen
Robinia pseudoacacia
False acacia Tree Robinia pseudoacacia May, June Nectar only if warm enough; good pollen
Holly
Holly Tree Ilex spp. May, June Good nectar and pollen (male plants)
Horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
Horse chestnut Tree Aesculus hippocastanum April, May Excellent nectar and pollen
Whitebeam - Sorbus aria
Whitebeam Tree Sorbus aria May, June Good nectar and pollen
Apple tree
Apple tree Tree Malus domesticus April Great nectar and good pollen
Amelanchier lamarkii
Snowy mespilus, June berry Tree Amelanchier lamarkii April, May Mainly pollen
Prunus laurocerasus
Cherry laurel Tree Prunus laurocerasus April Good nectar and pollen
Cherry blossom
Cherry Tree Prunus avium March - April Good nectar and pollen
Willow
Willow Tree Salix species Various - see below Excellent nectar and pollen
Poplar
Poplar Tree Populus tremula January - February Early pollen
Corylus contorta
Hazel Tree Corylus avellana January - March Pollen
Alder (Almus glutinosa)
Alder Tree Alnus glutinosa February, March Good early pollen only
Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa)
Blackthorn Shrub Prunus spinosa Mar - May Good nectar and pollen
Heath
Heath Shrub Erica carnea December to April Good nectar and pollen
Calluna vulgaris
Heather Calluna vulgaris July to November Excellent source of both nectar and pollen. For acid soils.
Gorse
Gorse Shrub Ulex europaeus Main flowering time is April but can flower at any time of year Very good pollen
Anchusa officianalis
Alkanet or Common Bugloss Flower Anchusa officianalis June - November Moderate nectar but long flowering
Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera)
Himalayan balsam Impatiens glandulifera Jul - Sep Invasive species that can outcompete native species particularly by streams and rivers